TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 51 from The Official Guide to the TOEFL Test
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Reading Directions: This section measures your ability to understand academic passages in English.
The Reading section is divided into separately timed parts.
Most questions are worth 1 point, but the last question for each passage is worth more than 1 point. The directions for the last question indicate how many points you may receive. You will now begin the Reading section. There are three passages in the section. You should allow 20 minutes to read each passage and answer the questions about it. You should allow 60 minutes to complete the entire section.
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P1: Aside from perpetuating itself, the sole purpose of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters is to “foster, assist and sustain an interest” in literature,
music, and art. This it does by enthusiastically handing out money. Annual cash awards are given to deserving artists in various categories of creativity: architecture, musical composition, theater, novels, serious poetry, light verse, painting, sculpture. One award subsidizes a promising American writer’s visit to Rome. There is even an award for a
very good work of fiction that fallen commercially-once won by the young John Updike for The poorhouse Fair and, more recently, by Alice Walker for In Love and Trouble.
P2: The awards and prizes total about $750,000 a year, but most of them range in size from $5,000 to $12,500, a welcome sum to many young practitioners whose work may
not bring in that much in a year. One of the advantages of the awards is that many go to the struggling artists, rather than to those who are already successful. Members of the Academy and Institute are not eligible for any cash prizes. Another advantage is that, unlike the National Endowment for the Arts or similar institutions throughout the world, there is no government money involved.
P3: Awards are made by committee. Each of the three departments–Literature (120 members), Art(83), Music(47)–has a committee dealing with its own field.
Committee membership rotates every year, so that new voices and opinions are constantly heard.
P4: The most financially rewarding of all the Academy-Institute awards are the Mildred and Harold Strauss Livings. Harold Strauss, a devoted editor at Alfred A. Knopf, the
New York publishing house, and Mildred Strauss, his wife, were wealthy any childless. They left the Academy-Institute a unique bequest: for five consecutive years, two
distinguished (and financially needy) writers would receive enough money so they could devote themselves entirely to “prose literature” (no plays, no poetry, and no
paying job that might distract). In 1983, the first Strauss Livings of $35,000 a year went to short-story writer Raymond Carver and novelist-essayist Cynthia Ozick. By
1988, the fund had grown enough so that two winners, novelists Diane Johnson and Robert Stone, each got $50,000 a year for five years.
1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) Award-winning works of literature
(B) An organization that supports the arts
(C) The life of an artist
(D) Individual patrons of the arts
2. The word “sole” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
3. The word “subsidizes” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
4. Which of the following can be inferred about Alice Walker’s book in Love and Trouble?
(A) It sold more copies than The Poorhouse Fair.
(B) It described the author’s visit to Rome.
(C) It was a commercial success.
(D) It was published after The Poorhouse Fair.
5. Each year the awards and prizes offered by the Academy-Institute total approximately
6. The word “many” in paragraph 2 refers to
7. What is one of the advantages of the Academy-Institute awards mentioned in passage?
(A) They are subsidized by the government.
(B)They are often given to unknown artists.
(C)They are also given to Academy-Institute members.
(D) They influence how the National Endowment for the Arts makes its award decisions.
8. The word “rotates” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to
9. The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to
(A) Mildred and Harold Strauss
10. Where in the passage does the author cite the goal of the Academy-Institute?
(A) Aside from perpetuating itself, the sole purpose of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters is to “foster, assist and sustain an interest” in literature, music, and art. This it does by enthusiastically handing out money. Annual cash awards
(B) not bring in that much in a year. One of the advantages of the awards is that many go to the struggling artists, rather than to those who are already successful.
(C) Committee membership rotates every year, so that new voices and opinions are constantly heard.
(D) and Harold Strauss Livings. Harold Strauss, a devoted editor at Alfred A. Knopf, the New York publishing house, and Mildred Strauss, his wife, were wealthy any childless.
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