28. Vocabulary I (B)
Q. The word in the passage is closest in meaning to
Why? broad can replace comprehensive in this context. —See Clue 28(B)[lines 1-3, 6-8]
• comprehensive adj. so large in scope or content as to include much
• broad adj. covering and including wide range
29. Factual Information I (A)
Q. According to paragraph 2, why did London go to the Klondike?
Why? See Clue 29(A)[lines 19-20]
Why Not? (B), (C) Not supported / (D) Not mentioned
30. Vocabulary I (D)
Q. The word initiated in the passage is closest in meaning to
Why? began can replace initiated in this context. —See Clue 30(D)[lines 35-38]
• initiate v. to cause something to start
• begin v. to start doing something
31. Inference I (A)
Q. What can be inferred from paragraph 3 about London’s writing?
Why? (A) can be inferred from the information in lines 34-35. —See Clue 31(A)
Why Not? (BHD) Not supported
32. Inference I (D)
Q.Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 4 about London’s philosophical beliefs?
Why? (D) can be inferred from the information in lines 43-47. —See Clue 32(D)
Why Not? (A)-(C) Not supported
33. Rhetorical Purpose I (A)
Q. In paragraph 4, why does the author mention
Why? Environmental determinism is mentioned as an example of theories that London applied to his writing. —See Clue 33(A)[lines 47-49]
34. Factual information I (B)
Q. According to the passage, what kind of writing did London originally become famous for?
Why? -See Clue 34(B)]lines 38-40, 42-43]
Why Not? (A) Not mentioned / (C), (D) Incorrect —See lines 38-39
35. Factual Information I (A)
Q. According to paragraph 5, London used the main character. Buck, to show that
Why? -See Clue 35(A)[lines 6&69I ► … London suggests that the environment—here, the climate of the Yukon – is the main force shaping our behavior.
Why Not? (BMD) Not mentioned
36. Reference I (A)
Q. The word its in the passage refers to
Why? … the environment- here, the climate of the Yukon – is the main force shaping our behavior. In fact, its influence is powerful… •■See Clue 36(A)[lines 67-69]
37. Vocabulary I (C)
Q. The word primitive in the passage is closest in meaning to
Why? It can be inferred that primitive is opposite in meaning to social, instinctive can replace primitive in this context. See Clue 37<C)[lines 72-74]
• primitive adj. relating or belonging to forces of nature; elemental
• instinctive adj. based on instinct without logic, thought or reasoning
38. Sentence Simplification I (A)
Q. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
Why? Buck realizes that the “civilized” ethics of his former life no longer apply, // and he adopts a new code of behavior, which, // though cruel compared to the morals taught by society, // enables him to adjust to life in the Klondike, new life
Why Not? (B)-(D) Not mentioned
39. Insert Text | [C]
Q. Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.
Why? [B] When the Klondike Gold Rush began in 1897, thousands of people traveled to the Yukon Territory, a northern Canadian province near Alaska. [C] These people, like London, envisioned wealthy futures for themselves and were willing to endure the many hardships that would, they believed, bring them closer to their fortunes. Through the winter of that year, London searched for gold with little success. [D]
► “These people* in the given sentence refers to “thousands of people.”
40. Prose Summary
Q. Directions: An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points. –
Why? Jack London’s work was influenced by ideas and experiences that the author was exposed to.
|Correct Answer Choices||Clues in the passage|
|(A) The Call of the Wild ‘is based on London’s time in the Klondike, where he worked as a gold prospector.||Clue 40(A)[lines 19-20] his expedition into the Klondike as a gold prospector [lines 42-43] The Call of the Wild draws upon London’s experiences in northern Canada|
|(D) London’s writing was influenced by the ideas of environmental determinism, a philosophy to which he subscribed.||Clue 40(D)[lines 47-491 One of the theories that London applied to his writing was the idea of environmental determinism|
|(F) Through the central character in The Call of the Wild, London shows that the environment is the main influence on our behavior.||Clue 40(F)[lines 64-691 Through his central character … London suggests that the environment—here, the climate of the Yukon—is the main force shaping our behavior.|
The whole passage focuses on London’s experiences in the Klondike and the philosophy that influenced his novel The Cali of the Wild. And it follows that «A) Experiences in the Klondike becoming the setting for the novel — (D) London’s experiences and philosophy that influenced his writing — (F) Environmental determinism that influenced The Call of the Wild > ~See (Graphic Organize/> on p.321 –
Why Not? (B) Mentioned in line 64, but minor / (C) Not supported / (E) Not mentioned